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Honduras

Honduras is a Central American country bordered by El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala. One cannot go through Central America on land without passing through Honduras. It is the only country that shares a frontier with all the other members of the former Central American Republic.

The region was home to different Mesoamerican cultures (including the mysterious Maya) until the Spanish invaded in the 16th Century. The Mesoamerican islands and thickly forested mainland offered a perfect hiding spot for the numerous pirates of the Caribbeans (actually) that marauded the seas in the 16 and 17th century. In 1821, Honduras gained its independence from Spain and has since been a republic marred by political instability and social problems.

Hondura’s relatively stable modern period ended in 2009 when the Honduran Army (following orders from the Supreme Court) fomented a coup and forced then-President Zelaya into exile. The move was heavily criticised amongst the international community, and since it took place, the country has seen a sharp increase in poverty and unemployment. Most recently, a caravan of Hondurian exiles made their way to the US to escape the violence caused by drug-trafficking and governmental privates.

From the towering Maya structures to sunken ships along its coast, humans and nature have always had a powerful relationship in this area. One of protection and nurturing but also of conflict and destruction. The country that gave its name to banana republics for its dependency on this cash crop can tell us a thing or two about nature, humans and sustainability.

TOTAL POPULATION

8.8 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

9,500 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

1,912,500 kt Latin America and Caribbean, YEAR 2014

“A 15% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to a business-as-usual scenario.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

HONDURAS | ALL PROJECTS

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john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Emma Burnett donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Boyan Mihaylov donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. François Leclerc donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Clara Hermansson donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Peter Thompson donated € 10 to Environmental Protection through Greenery and Awareness Interventions in Kabul and Wardak. Vihra Dincheva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Kris Bertens donated € 50 to Educating Montenegro's New Generation to Break Free from Litter and Plastic. Anna Lupanova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Simona Dakova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Neicho Rahnev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Pavel Boev donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Francesco Zanetto donated € 60 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Hind Alsalloom donated € 50 to Iraqi Youth Climate Change Movement. Francesca Cardani donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Michele Frison donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Fabio Sai donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Paola Tresca donated € 27 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Andrea Mongiello donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Matteo Masi donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Massimo Sacco donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ananda Nidhi donated € 20 to Toranam: Strengthening Agroforestry in Andhra Pradesh. andrea borsetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. ALESSIO GIANNONI donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Laura Zorzetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Rossana Mattachini donated € 20 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Elsa De Grandi donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Agro Eco Village Project in Ri-Bhoi District. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Strengthening Malian Forest Management to Protect Biodiversity and Alleviate Poverty. Noah Silver donated € 30 to Toxic Chemicals and Waste Sensitization for Vulnerable Communities. Stefania Butera donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Honduras is part of the central American biodiversity hotspot. The country has a rich tropical rainforest listed on the World UNESCO Heritage list. It is one of the snakiest places on the planet, with special features from the Green Palm Pit Viper, the Coral Snake, and the Middle American Rattlesnake. Over 700 different bird species - including the stunning and sacred scarlet macaw - battle with the serpents in trees and on the jungle floor.

Honduras has rainforests, cloud forests rising up to 3,000m), mangroves, savannas and mountain ranges. The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, the second largest in the world, also runs along the Honduran shores with its beauty and diversity. Deforestation is the leading environmental problem in Honduras. The diverse forest ecosystems of the country have been damaged due to slash and burn agricultural techniques, but also large-scale deforestation from agro-business, illegal logging and mining activities.

Honduras contributes less than 0.1% of total GHG emissions. However, it is disproportionally exposed to its consequences, such as extreme weather events and evolving flora and fauna range. 

As a result of losing protective forest areas, the ocean has nibbled the coastline by more than 100m in some places. The Miskita coast on the other hand, (also known as “Mosquito Kingdom”) remains largely untouched, due to the swarms of malaria-carrying mosquitos in the region. Honduras has a lot to lose to a warming planet, and if Honduras has a lot to lose, so does the world. This little bit of paradise can be saved. By you, alero.

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DATA INSIGHTS

Honduras is ranked by the World Bank as a lower-middle-income country. To understand Honduras’ position in the fight against climate change, it is vital to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Honduras’ historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Honduras Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Honduras’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Honduras experienced rapid emissions increases by 60%, driven by the expansion of agricultural activities. After a drop emissions between 2000 and 2010, Honduras’s emissions were back on the rise. Overall, Honduras’s GHG emissions increased by 49% between 1990 and 2012, remaining consistent with the world’s pace. 


The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (57%) of Honduras’s emissions, followed by the energy sector (20%). Between 1990 and 2005, Honduras lost 37% of its forest cover, which is equal to 5 million football fields (!).


Other large sources of Honduras’ energy emissions are transportation, electricity and heat production. To reduce the country’s emissions, Honduras still requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and shifting a fossil-fuel dominated system towards renewable energy solutions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)

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Honduras Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Honduras’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Honduras experienced rapid emissions increases by 60%, driven by the expansion of agricultural activities. After a drop emissions between 2000 and 2010, Honduras’s emissions were back on the rise. Overall, Honduras’s GHG emissions increased by 49% between 1990 and 2012, remaining consistent with the world’s pace. 


The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (57%) of Honduras’s emissions, followed by the energy sector (20%). Between 1990 and 2005, Honduras lost 37% of its forest cover, which is equal to 5 million football fields (!).


Other large sources of Honduras’ energy emissions are transportation, electricity and heat production. To reduce the country’s emissions, Honduras still requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and shifting a fossil-fuel dominated system towards renewable energy solutions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)

Honduras Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Honduras’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Honduras is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change and a low level of adaptation. Cereal yields such as rice, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly; water resources like groundwater levels are under threat leading to longer drought periods thereby paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. This coastal and island nation is also threatened by sea-level rise and hurricanes due to reduced natural defences damaged by deforestation and coral bleaching. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 

TAKE ACTION

Honduras Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Honduras’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Honduras is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change and a low level of adaptation. Cereal yields such as rice, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly; water resources like groundwater levels are under threat leading to longer drought periods thereby paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. This coastal and island nation is also threatened by sea-level rise and hurricanes due to reduced natural defences damaged by deforestation and coral bleaching. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 

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HONDURAS | ALL PROJECTS

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