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Cambodia

TOTAL POPULATION

15.3 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

6,700 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

14,272,100 kt East Asia and Pacific, YEAR 2014

“27% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 2010 levels.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

CAMBODIA | ALL PROJECTS

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Konstantinos Dimitriadis donated € 5 to Help Build Eco-Friendly Homes for Rural Communities in India . Manon Steiner donated € 15 to Help Rwandan Cities Control Waste and Stay Clean . Bart van den Heuvel donated € 25 to Recycled Electronics for German School Children . Prateek Gogineni donated € 30 to Promote Clean Agroforestry in Rural India . Lluis Mateu donated € 50 to Bringing Back Forests In Kenya . Renato Anselmi Ricci donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,300 to E-waste Race Germany . Kiki Beck donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,500 to E-waste Race Germany . Farah Piryeva donated € 200 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ruggero Lambertini donated € 75 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Iren Dikova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Luke Farrelly donated € 120 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Cambodia is a low emitter of greenhouse gases, and highly vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. Its dependency on the mighty Mekong river for the vast majority of its agricultural output (mainly rice and fish) threaten its ecological stability. 

Cambodia is a typical monsoon country, with a dry and a wet season, creating a rich seasonal tropical rainforest. It is also the country of the Cardamone mountains, which host the thriving ecosystems formed by dry tropical forests. Elephants, panthers and tigers roam the lands of Cambodia, but their habitat is disappearing and being carved up by farmers, loggers and urban land-use change. 

At the heart of the country lies Tonlé Sap, Southeast Asia’s largest freshwater lake (actually a prolongation of the Mekong river). The lake practically dries out and then floods a vast portion of central Cambodia during and after the monsoon rains. This shifting wetland habitat is instrumental for the world’s conservation objectives and Cambodia’s social and economic fabric.

Cambodia is a paradoxical state when it comes to conservation. On the one hand, 40% of its territory is under environmental or cultural protection, but on the other, it is the country with the highest deforestation rate in the region. In 50 years, Cambodia’s primary forest went from 70% to just 3% in 2007 (third highest level of forest cover loss in the world after Vietnam and Nigeria). Deforestation, alongside poaching, fishing, illegal wildlife trade and habitat destruction are the key reasons for many of the wide variety of species in Cambodia to be considered endangered. Prominent examples include Eld's deer, wild tigers, wild water buffaloes and hog deer, among many others.

That is why the Kingdom’s Paris Agreement contributions focus on the reduction of this plague and the restoration of its woodlands, so critical to the country’s wildlife, livelihood and cultural makeup. 

Cambodia is growing fast, and its resources are rapidly dwindling. There are numerous causes for the destruction of this precious nature. The state has committed to protecting its natural assets, from the Mekong to the high plateaus of the Cardamom mountains. Grassroot initiatives monitor, apply and reinforce climate action. Maybe today is the day to complete the circle with a donation to one of our featured Cambodian projects?


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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Cambodia is a lower-middle-income country. To understand Cambodia’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Cambodia’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Cambodia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Cambodia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 2000 to 2008, Cambodia’s emissions dramatically increased by 517%. Agricultural methane emissions and CO2 emissions from petroleum-derived fuels saw an enormous rise in this period. After significant emissions reductions in 2008, Cambodia’s emissions were back on the rise again from 2009 and increased by 553% form the 1990 level. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (45%) of Cambodia’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (37%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by illegal logging the expansion of agricultural activities, while the majority of agricultural emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


In 2012, Cambodia’s emissions were less than that of neighbouring Laos and Vietnam. However, there is still room for improvement. Changes in farming practices such as improving manure management and developing sustainable agriculture systems still present a challenge in the future but will reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Cambodia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Cambodia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Cambodia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 2000 to 2008, Cambodia’s emissions dramatically increased by 517%. Agricultural methane emissions and CO2 emissions from petroleum-derived fuels saw an enormous rise in this period. After significant emissions reductions in 2008, Cambodia’s emissions were back on the rise again from 2009 and increased by 553% form the 1990 level. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (45%) of Cambodia’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (37%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by illegal logging the expansion of agricultural activities, while the majority of agricultural emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


In 2012, Cambodia’s emissions were less than that of neighbouring Laos and Vietnam. However, there is still room for improvement. Changes in farming practices such as improving manure management and developing sustainable agriculture systems still present a challenge in the future but will reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Cambodia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Cambodia’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Cambodia is categorized as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation. The agriculture sector is highly vulnerable to unexpected weather patterns of floods and drought. Lower crop yields and increased livestock deaths due to climate change impacts can cause food insecurity. Drainage can possibly bring risks of water shortages as only 24% population has access to reliable drinking water as of 2015. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


TAKE ACTION

Cambodia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Cambodia’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Cambodia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Cambodia is categorized as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation. The agriculture sector is highly vulnerable to unexpected weather patterns of floods and drought. Lower crop yields and increased livestock deaths due to climate change impacts can cause food insecurity. Drainage can possibly bring risks of water shortages as only 24% population has access to reliable drinking water as of 2015. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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CAMBODIA | ALL PROJECTS

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