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Lao People's Democratic Republic

TOTAL POPULATION

6.6 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

1,900 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

14,272,100 kt East Asia and Pacific, YEAR 2014

“Make electricity available to 90% of households in rural areas by 2020.” 

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC | ALL PROJECTS

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Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Laos has not made public any numbered target in terms of CO2 emissions. However, it has vouched to electrify its rural dark zones and increase its forest cover to 70% in the next 2 years, a 40% increase corresponding to a return to 1940’s levels.

In 1993, the Laotian government had declared a vast conservation plan, aiming to protect 21% of the country’s land for habitat conservation and preservation.

Forest, droughts and natural disasters are the main threats. As for many places in Monsoon country, tree protection is indispensable to avoid flash floods, rapid soil erosion and destructive landslides. Illegal logging is a major problem. The Vietnamese national army, alongside other mafias, has been known to cut down and steal away precious wood resources from Laos.

Despite lacking the rural infrastructure to link up its craggy landscape, Laos’ electricity grid runs on renewable resources for almost 100% of its output. Lao PDR also aims at using unexploited hydropower resources to export clean electricity to its neighbours and level the field of play in the regional game of influence. Laos is planning to add 54 new hydropower plants to the 46 already operating in 2017. Today, electricity accounts for 30% of Laos’ exports. 

Another massive challenge for Laos is to maintain its extraordinary biodiversity (it is one of 8 centres where domestication of plants is thought to have originated). Thanks to programmes that group agriculture with the use of forestry and polycultures, rural Laos has been able to preserve and make the most of the genetic treasures of this resilient fauna and flora.

Laotians often say “some are brave in the village but cowards in the forest.” Be one of the braves, support Laos even in the dark forest.


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DATA INSIGHTS

The World Bank classifies Laos as a lower middle-income country. It is helpful to observe Laos’ history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following graphs give an overview of Laos’ historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparation of climate change.

Laos Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Laos’ timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2008, Laos‘s emissions declined by 29%. However, Laos’ emissions started rising in the following year and increased rapidly in one year alone (2010 - 2011). Petroleum-derived fuels are in large part responsible for this increasing trend. Overall, Laos’s GHG emissions increased by 437% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (61%) of Laos’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (27%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by logging and clearing of forests into agricultural use. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Laos made only a small contribution to 2012 global GHG emissions. However, there is still room for improvement. To reduce the country’s emissions, Laos requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and shifting a fossil-fuel dominated system towards renewable energy solutions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)

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Laos Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Laos’ timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Laos Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2008, Laos‘s emissions declined by 29%. However, Laos’ emissions started rising in the following year and increased rapidly in one year alone (2010 - 2011). Petroleum-derived fuels are in large part responsible for this increasing trend. Overall, Laos’s GHG emissions increased by 437% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (61%) of Laos’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (27%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by logging and clearing of forests into agricultural use. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Laos made only a small contribution to 2012 global GHG emissions. However, there is still room for improvement. To reduce the country’s emissions, Laos requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and shifting a fossil-fuel dominated system towards renewable energy solutions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)

Laos Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Laos’ vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Laos is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Rice and wheat production are forecasted to decline significantly under projected climate change. Decrease in precipitation due to climate change is expected to lead to longer drought periods thereby paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. A rise in temperature due to climate change also increases vulnerability on forests and biodiversity. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


TAKE ACTION

Laos Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Laos’ vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Laos Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Laos is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Rice and wheat production are forecasted to decline significantly under projected climate change. Decrease in precipitation due to climate change is expected to lead to longer drought periods thereby paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. A rise in temperature due to climate change also increases vulnerability on forests and biodiversity. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC | ALL PROJECTS

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