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Liberia

Liberia is a country in West Africa, bordering Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire. It is 111,300 km² (roughly the size of Bulgaria or Cuba) and has a long stretch of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.


Liberia was born out of a project, spearheaded by an organisation called the American Colonization Society. From 1822, the society supported the voluntary migration of freed black men to the “pepper coast” of Africa. In total, 13,000 people emigrated from the US to Liberia and established a colonial society largely endogamous and infused with aspects of American culture. Similar experiences like the Republic of Maryland or Mississippi-in-Africa were then merged into Liberia and formed the country that we know today. 


English is the lingua franca, but over 20 native languages are spoken due to the numerous origins of the settlers and native populations. It was the first African country to declare its independence in 1847. in the 1980s, Liberia descended into two incredibly destructive civil wars that only ended in 2003. By the end of this conflict, the Liberian economy had shrunk by 90% and virtually all its infrastructure was destroyed.


In 2018, former footballer George Weah became the country's 25th president. Weah has emphasised poverty relief and education as a policy focus. In Liberia, about 44% of the population is 14 or under. This is both a formidable challenge and a source of hope for a country that wishes to put the past behind and create a new society for its people.


In 2014, Liberia suffered an Ebola epidemic which alarmed the international community and caused widespread panic locally and worldwide. The epidemic cost the lives of 11,000 people over Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. With the evolving range of tropical species and the lowering of natural barriers such as other wildlife, the country is dependent on climate adaptation to ensure progress to its population.


TOTAL POPULATION

4.4 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

935 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Sub-Saharan Africa, YEAR 2014

“Reduce GHGs by at least 10% by 2030”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

LIBERIA | ALL PROJECTS

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john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Emma Burnett donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Boyan Mihaylov donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. François Leclerc donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Clara Hermansson donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Peter Thompson donated € 10 to Environmental Protection through Greenery and Awareness Interventions in Kabul and Wardak. Vihra Dincheva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Kris Bertens donated € 50 to Educating Montenegro's New Generation to Break Free from Litter and Plastic. Anna Lupanova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Simona Dakova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Neicho Rahnev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Pavel Boev donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Francesco Zanetto donated € 60 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Hind Alsalloom donated € 50 to Iraqi Youth Climate Change Movement. Francesca Cardani donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Michele Frison donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Fabio Sai donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Paola Tresca donated € 27 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Andrea Mongiello donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Matteo Masi donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Massimo Sacco donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ananda Nidhi donated € 20 to Toranam: Strengthening Agroforestry in Andhra Pradesh. andrea borsetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. ALESSIO GIANNONI donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Laura Zorzetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Rossana Mattachini donated € 20 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Elsa De Grandi donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Agro Eco Village Project in Ri-Bhoi District. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Strengthening Malian Forest Management to Protect Biodiversity and Alleviate Poverty. Noah Silver donated € 30 to Toxic Chemicals and Waste Sensitization for Vulnerable Communities. Stefania Butera donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Despite the great destructions of the war, Liberia is still rich in natural treasures. Forests still cover 30% of Liberia, despite being auctioned off to timber businesses and more than half of this in concessions. Protests led to the cancellation of these permits and Norway stepped in to compensate for the shortfall. 

Liberia is also facing environmental challenges. Bushmeat is frequently hunted for food. This includes elephants, pygmy hippos, leopards, duikers, chimpanzees and other monkeys. Bushmeat consumption is extremely high, and a source of export revenue. 99% of Liberians use coal and wood for cooking and heating.

Liberia’s road to reconstruction is still long. It has precious treasures to conserve on its territory, particularly its biodiversity. Pygmy rhinos, gorillas, chimpanzees and other primates still roam the remaining Atlantic and Guinean rainforests. The country has to strike the right balance between short-term destructive choices dictated by survival and a longer-term approach to resources which can (and should) be the path to Liberia’s sustainable social and economic development.

Despite this, civil society has had a strong influence, turning the tides on numerous subjects from war to deforestation. Liberians are active and determined to take their country past the clouds. There is so much good to be done there and silver linings are not entirely absent. Will you contribute to writing a new page in the already rich and original history of this country?

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DATA INSIGHTS

According to World Bank classifications, Liberia is a low-income country. It is revealing to observe Liberia’s history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The presented figures provide an overview of Liberia’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.


Liberia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Liberia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2008 there was a sharp increase in Liberia’s emission of 63%, mainly due to the expansion of agriculture and fuelwood harvesting. Overall, Liberia’s GHG emissions increased by 62% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (90%) of Liberia’s emissions. LUCF emissions are driven by logging and slash-and-burn agriculture. 


Despite a strong growth in emissions, Liberia is only a small contributor to the 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. To reduce LUCF emissions, Liberia still requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and deforestation. As remote areas of the country still rely on traditional biomass fuel, a transition to efficient fuelwood combustion and charcoal manufacture will also help reduce Liberia’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018) 


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Liberia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Liberia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2008 there was a sharp increase in Liberia’s emission of 63%, mainly due to the expansion of agriculture and fuelwood harvesting. Overall, Liberia’s GHG emissions increased by 62% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector is responsible for the largest share (90%) of Liberia’s emissions. LUCF emissions are driven by logging and slash-and-burn agriculture. 


Despite a strong growth in emissions, Liberia is only a small contributor to the 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. To reduce LUCF emissions, Liberia still requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and deforestation. As remote areas of the country still rely on traditional biomass fuel, a transition to efficient fuelwood combustion and charcoal manufacture will also help reduce Liberia’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018) 


Liberia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Liberia’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Liberia falls in the category of high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity countries. Liberia’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Rising temperatures resulting from climate change will likely reduce productivity and crop yields in Liberia, and this will have a great impact on food security. Due to extreme weather events, the health impacts of climate change, such as malnutrition and waterborne diseases, are also expected to increase in Liberia (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.   


TAKE ACTION

Liberia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Liberia’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Liberia falls in the category of high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity countries. Liberia’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Rising temperatures resulting from climate change will likely reduce productivity and crop yields in Liberia, and this will have a great impact on food security. Due to extreme weather events, the health impacts of climate change, such as malnutrition and waterborne diseases, are also expected to increase in Liberia (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.   


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