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Lesotho

TOTAL POPULATION

2.1 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

2,500 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Sub-Saharan Africa, YEAR 2014

“A conditional emissions reduction of 35% by 2030.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

LESOTHO | ALL PROJECTS

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Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . marta tosi donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to K'uxiub'al: Sustainable Energy for Healthy Families in San Andrés Itzapa . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 70 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Robert Eckstein donated € 5 to Green Summit: Supporting Young People in Smaller Communities . Mariya Markova donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Francesca Devoto donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

With a business-as-usual scenario (the simplest and most likely model for the moment), Lesotho will experience a significant increase in annual mean temperature of approximately 1°C by 2030, 2°C by 2050 and 3.5°C by 2080. Agriculture (63%), energy (31%) and waste management (6%) are the three largest contributors to the country’s GHG emissions.

Lesotho holds significant water resources in the form of ice and snowcaps. Almost all of its electricity is produced by hydropower plants, and it is known as the “Water Castle” of Southern Africa. Water is a critical issue in this part of the world which has tremendous human and industrial needs for this resource. Despite this water-rich setting, Lesotho experienced a catastrophic drought in 2016, that left 650,000 people in need of food aid, as most of the water was diverted to its richer neighbour South Africa.

The Lesotho Highland Water Project is a huge water supply project designed to provide additional hydroelectric power and funnel water to the mining districts in South Africa. The project has considerably increased the number of roads in formerly remote parts of the country, but has been criticised by many for corruption, environmental damage, and the feeding of water to extractive industries.

The second challenge Lesotho needs to meet is the modernisation of individual energy consumption. The majority of the population uses wood for daily energy needs, such as cooking or heating. This causes deforestation, reducing protection from natural disasters and a general reduction of the quality of the environment. The electrification of rural Lesotho, combined with the distribution of more efficient stoves, should greatly reduce the amount of wood needed in daily life.

The mountain country (there is not a single point in the country under 1,500 m) has a wealth of assets and tough challenges ahead. Meso e tswala meswana (Procrastination is the thief of time). Act now!



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DATA INSIGHTS

Lesotho is a lower middle-income country, according to the World Bank classification. To understand Lesotho’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Lesotho’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Lesotho Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Lesotho’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Lesotho’s emissions increased by 72%. This sharp increase was due to a rise in the use of imported fossil fuels from South Africa as an energy source. However, as a result of reductions in nitrous oxide emissions (one of the principal GHGs alongside CO2) from agricultural practices, Lesotho saw its emissions fall between 2000 and 2008. Overall, Lesotho’s GHG emissions increased by 84% between 1990 and 2012. Over the same period, global emissions increased by over 40%. 


In Lesotho, the agriculture sector is responsible for the largest share (88%) of the country’s emissions, mainly driven by methane emissions from livestock digestion and manure. Nitrous oxide, produced through fertilizer use and manure management, is also one of the major sources of Lesotho’s emissions. To reduce the country’s emissions, changes in farming practices such as improving manure management and fertilizer applications should be a key consideration looking forward. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Lesotho Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Lesotho’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Lesotho’s emissions increased by 72%. This sharp increase was due to a rise in the use of imported fossil fuels from South Africa as an energy source. However, as a result of reductions in nitrous oxide emissions (one of the principal GHGs alongside CO2) from agricultural practices, Lesotho saw its emissions fall between 2000 and 2008. Overall, Lesotho’s GHG emissions increased by 84% between 1990 and 2012. Over the same period, global emissions increased by over 40%. 


In Lesotho, the agriculture sector is responsible for the largest share (88%) of the country’s emissions, mainly driven by methane emissions from livestock digestion and manure. Nitrous oxide, produced through fertilizer use and manure management, is also one of the major sources of Lesotho’s emissions. To reduce the country’s emissions, changes in farming practices such as improving manure management and fertilizer applications should be a key consideration looking forward. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Lesotho Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Lesotho’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Lesotho is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. The food sector show the highest vulnerability to climate change as Lesotho is heavily dependent on imported food from its neighbouring countries - whose agriculture output is expected to decline due to climate change impacts. The nation is likely to face food insecurity in the future. Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts will lead to an increased risk of diseases, including malnutrition and waterborne diseases. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


TAKE ACTION

Lesotho Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Lesotho’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Lesotho is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. The food sector show the highest vulnerability to climate change as Lesotho is heavily dependent on imported food from its neighbouring countries - whose agriculture output is expected to decline due to climate change impacts. The nation is likely to face food insecurity in the future. Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts will lead to an increased risk of diseases, including malnutrition and waterborne diseases. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


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LESOTHO | ALL PROJECTS

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