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Madagascar

TOTAL POPULATION

23.6 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

3,100 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Sub-Saharan Africa, YEAR 2014

“To reduce emissions by 14% compared to the business as usual scenario.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

MADAGASCAR | ALL PROJECTS

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Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . marta tosi donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to K'uxiub'al: Sustainable Energy for Healthy Families in San Andrés Itzapa . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 70 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Robert Eckstein donated € 5 to Green Summit: Supporting Young People in Smaller Communities . Mariya Markova donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Francesca Devoto donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Despite its reliance on its natural environment for its livelihoods, Madagascar has not yet taken the necessary steps to protect it enough from overuse and illicit exploitation. On the contrary, it has been forced to sell vast stretches of land to foreign powers such as China to pay off its debt and finance its development.  

Only 10% of the primary rainforest remains. The rest has been burned, cut or used. Of the 13,000 species known in Madagascar, 90% exist only on the Island. This includes all lemurs, half of all chameleon species, dozens of birds and a rich flora that have untapped medicinal potential. 

This puts a lot of pressure on Madagascar not to lose its ecological treasures. In the meantime, deforestation, poaching and fishing have accelerated, further depleting the Red Island’s ecosystems.

This has very real consequences for the lives of Malagasies all over the island. Soil erosion turns the rivers a mud red colour during rain, biodiversity has declined sharply and available resources for subsistence living are dwindling. 

Madagascar only contributes 0.06% of global GHG emissions. In the past 20 years, it has been hit by 35 cyclones, 8 floods and 5 periods of severe droughts, a three-fold increase over the previous 20 years. The state doesn’t guarantee much of a protection against such events. This pushes local communities to advance their own solutions, developed with the help of NGOs and other contributors.

Saving the Malagasy nature would come at a very little cost, compared to what the world would lose should it let this biodiversity hotspot die. From valuable medical progress to new ways of feeding the world, without even taking into account the cultural heritage that these forms of life represent, Madagascar and its people need support to help planet Earth remain the home of lemurs.

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DATA INSIGHTS

Madagascar is a low-income country, according to the World Bank classification. To understand Madagascar’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Madagascar’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.


Madagascar Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Madagascar’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990-2009, Madagascar’s emissions increased by 144%, driven by slash-and-burn cultivation and deforestation. After rapid emissions growth, Madagascar’s emissions stayed relatively stable between 2009 and 2012, representing a 144% increase from its 1990 level. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector are responsible for the largest share (57%) of Madagascar’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (41%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by changes in forest land due to logging and the expansion of agricultural activities. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure.  


To reduce LUCF sector emissions, Madagascar still requires further efforts such as regulating unsustainable land use and deforestation. Moreover, as the majority of the country still relies on firewood and charcoal for cooking, introducing more efficient cooking stoves and alternative fuels will also help reduce Madagascar’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)


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Madagascar Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Madagascar’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990-2009, Madagascar’s emissions increased by 144%, driven by slash-and-burn cultivation and deforestation. After rapid emissions growth, Madagascar’s emissions stayed relatively stable between 2009 and 2012, representing a 144% increase from its 1990 level. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector are responsible for the largest share (57%) of Madagascar’s emissions, followed by the agriculture sector (41%). LUCF emissions are mainly driven by changes in forest land due to logging and the expansion of agricultural activities. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure.  


To reduce LUCF sector emissions, Madagascar still requires further efforts such as regulating unsustainable land use and deforestation. Moreover, as the majority of the country still relies on firewood and charcoal for cooking, introducing more efficient cooking stoves and alternative fuels will also help reduce Madagascar’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World bank, 2018)


Madagascar Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Madagascar’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Madagascar is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change and a low level of adaptation. Cereal yields such as rice, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly; water resources like groundwater levels are under threat, leading to longer drought periods - potentially paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. This island nation is also threatened by sea-level rise due to reduced natural defences being damaged by deforestation and coral bleaching. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


TAKE ACTION

Madagascar Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Madagascar’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Madagascar is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change and a low level of adaptation. Cereal yields such as rice, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly; water resources like groundwater levels are under threat, leading to longer drought periods - potentially paralysing the agriculture capacity and food security of the country. This island nation is also threatened by sea-level rise due to reduced natural defences being damaged by deforestation and coral bleaching. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


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MADAGASCAR | ALL PROJECTS

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