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Afghanistan

TOTAL POPULATION

32.8 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

9,800 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

2,516,400 kt South Asia, YEAR 2014

“A 13.6% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario”


PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

AFGHANISTAN | ALL PROJECTS

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Konstantinos Dimitriadis donated € 5 to Help Build Eco-Friendly Homes for Rural Communities in India . Manon Steiner donated € 15 to Help Rwandan Cities Control Waste and Stay Clean . Bart van den Heuvel donated € 25 to Recycled Electronics for German School Children . Prateek Gogineni donated € 30 to Promote Clean Agroforestry in Rural India . Lluis Mateu donated € 50 to Bringing Back Forests In Kenya . Renato Anselmi Ricci donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,300 to E-waste Race Germany . Kiki Beck donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,500 to E-waste Race Germany . Farah Piryeva donated € 200 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ruggero Lambertini donated € 75 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Iren Dikova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Luke Farrelly donated € 120 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Afghanistan’s average temperature has risen by 0.6°C since 1960, faster than the global average. In a context of civil war and protracted conflict, Afghanistan has had little time to put into the conservation of its natural resources. However, the same resources provide the basic livelihood basis for more than 80% of the Afghan population. 

Afghanistan's predominantly arid climate stresses the importance of wetlands to the local biodiversity. As of 2018, there are no more protected lands in Afghanistan and only 5% of the former tree cover still remains. However, a large portion of the territory is naturally protected by the impenetrable mountain ranges that prohibit significant human development or exploitation. 

In a country whose main economic activities are agricultural, variations in climate and weather events are of real importance. The water stock of the Hindu Kush mountains in the form of ice and snow caps used to provide water for as many as 300 million people in the region. The “water tower of Asia” is now facing a severe water crisis, due to the melting of these resources and the almost-total destruction of water infrastructures. Today, only about 27% of Afghans have access to clean water. The providing of basic resources for heating, cooking and feeding will be essential in the fight against the loss of valuable ecosystems in Afghanistan. 

Less abundant snowfall and accelerated spring melt has caused both more droughts and more floods. These changes have led numerous rural herders and farmers to move to cities to take on unqualified work. Kabul is actually the fifth fastest growing city in the world. This phenomenon has sparked protests and a feeling of social injustice in Afghan cities.

What happens in Afghanistan, whose national and international context blur, has local, regional and global consequences. The current situation in Afghanistan is a prime example of the intersection between climate change, politics, international affairs and socioeconomic development. With time, strength and help, Afghanistan will build the peace and fair progress it needs.


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DATA INSIGHTS

The World Bank classification categorises Afghanistan as a low-income country. To understand Afghanistan’s situation in the fight against climate change, it is helpful to show its historic carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The graphs provide an overview of this country’s greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Afghanistan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Afghanistan’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.

From 1990 to 2008, Afghanistan’s emissions increased by 22%. The main driver for this increase was agricultural emissions growth. Overall, Afghanistan’s GHG emissions have increased by 44% between 1990 and 2012. In the year 2014, the agriculture sector (42%) served as the predominant source of GHG emissions in Afghanistan. The country doubled its agriculture emissions from 1990 to 2012. Most agriculture emissions come from livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


Despite experiencing growth in emissions, Afghanistan represents only a small portion to 2012 GHG emissions in Asia. As traditional agricultural practices account for the majority of Afghanistan’s emissions, it should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Afghanistan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Afghanistan’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Afghanistan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.

From 1990 to 2008, Afghanistan’s emissions increased by 22%. The main driver for this increase was agricultural emissions growth. Overall, Afghanistan’s GHG emissions have increased by 44% between 1990 and 2012. In the year 2014, the agriculture sector (42%) served as the predominant source of GHG emissions in Afghanistan. The country doubled its agriculture emissions from 1990 to 2012. Most agriculture emissions come from livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


Despite experiencing growth in emissions, Afghanistan represents only a small portion to 2012 GHG emissions in Asia. As traditional agricultural practices account for the majority of Afghanistan’s emissions, it should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Afghanistan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Afghanistan’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Afghanistan is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Rice and wheat production are expected to decline significantly under projected climate change. The decrease in precipitation will lead to longer drought periods, diminishing the agricultural capacity and food security of the country. A rise in temperature due to climate change will also increase the vulnerability of forests and biodiversity in the territory. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


TAKE ACTION

Afghanistan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Afghanistan’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Afghanistan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Afghanistan is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Rice and wheat production are expected to decline significantly under projected climate change. The decrease in precipitation will lead to longer drought periods, diminishing the agricultural capacity and food security of the country. A rise in temperature due to climate change will also increase the vulnerability of forests and biodiversity in the territory. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


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