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Mozambique

TOTAL POPULATION

27.2 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

8,400 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Sub-Saharan Africa, YEAR 2014

“A 23Mt cut of CO2 equivalent emissions from 2020-2024 and 53.4Mt from 2025-2030.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

MOZAMBIQUE | ALL PROJECTS

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Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . marta tosi donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to K'uxiub'al: Sustainable Energy for Healthy Families in San Andrés Itzapa . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 70 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Robert Eckstein donated € 5 to Green Summit: Supporting Young People in Smaller Communities . Mariya Markova donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Francesca Devoto donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Mozambique is highly vulnerable to a number of problems posed by climate change. In the year 2000, devastating and unusual floods had brought the country to a grinding halt. Since that year, 4 million people have been affected by different flood episodes in the country. 

Historically, Mozambique has been subject to tropical hurricanes, or cyclones as they are known in this part of the world. Research reports that the frequency of these phenomena has almost doubled, whilst their average intensity has grown by more than 30% (measured by wind speed). Most recently, in 2017, Cyclone Dineo swept the region, affecting more than 170,000 people in Mozambique alone.

Mozambique’s commitment to adaptation and mitigation strategies is reliant on international aid. The cost and the slow (but very important) returns of climate-adaptation are two obstacles to this country’s strategy, which needs to reinforce other sectors of social affairs. 

The wars fought from the 1960s to the 1990s have taken a terrible toll on the country’s ecosystems and wildlife. Gorongosa National Park, a former safari ground, was revived in an effort to restore the flora and fauna that once thrived like the jade plant, elephants, hippos, lions and antelopes. The park is part of a large network of protected lands which amount to 22% of Mozambique’s territory.

This region has already seen a decrease in its precipitation of approximately 20% since the 1960s. In the same period, the temperature has risen by 1.5°C. Yields of major crops like maize, soybean or cassava are expected to drop by as much as 11% on average and 45% in certain regions.

Changing patterns in temperature and precipitation have already had very real consequences and will continue to do so for the century to come, disrupting this largely agricultural society. All these phenomena factor into the vulnerability of Mozambique. What the country needs now is an adaptation strategy to protect its inhabitants and its coastal zones, more and more exposed to the powers of the elements. There are no shortcuts to the top of the palm tree. Make a donation and sign your impact on this planet!


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DATA INSIGHTS

Mozambique is a low-income country, according to the World Bank classification. To understand Mozambique’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risks. The following plots provide a historical overview of Mozambique’s greenhouse gas emissions in perspective to global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness towards climate change.


Mozambique Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Mozambique’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


Between 1990 and 2008, Mozambique’s emissions skyrocketed by 789%. This was driven by the end of the war and the expansion of agriculture and fuelwood harvesting. Despite a drop between 2008 and 2009 due to the global economic crisis, Mozambique’s emissions were back on the rise the following year. Overall, Mozambique’s GHG emissions increased by 829% between 1990 and 2012. 


Land-use change and forestry (LUCF) are responsible for the largest share (58%) of Mozambique’s emissions, followed by the agricultural sector (26%). LUCF emissions are mainly due to changes in forest lands and logging. Harvesting for firewood and charcoal still contributes to Mozambique’s emissions. Within the agricultural sector, the majority of emissions come from livestock digestion. Mozambique still needs further development in its organisation of climate efforts, access to alternative sources of energy and a mitigation and adaptation plan for agriculture. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Mozambique Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Mozambique’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


Between 1990 and 2008, Mozambique’s emissions skyrocketed by 789%. This was driven by the end of the war and the expansion of agriculture and fuelwood harvesting. Despite a drop between 2008 and 2009 due to the global economic crisis, Mozambique’s emissions were back on the rise the following year. Overall, Mozambique’s GHG emissions increased by 829% between 1990 and 2012. 


Land-use change and forestry (LUCF) are responsible for the largest share (58%) of Mozambique’s emissions, followed by the agricultural sector (26%). LUCF emissions are mainly due to changes in forest lands and logging. Harvesting for firewood and charcoal still contributes to Mozambique’s emissions. Within the agricultural sector, the majority of emissions come from livestock digestion. Mozambique still needs further development in its organisation of climate efforts, access to alternative sources of energy and a mitigation and adaptation plan for agriculture. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI) per country

Mozambique’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Mozambique is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Under projected climate change, cereal yields for staple crops such as cassava, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly. A rise in temperature due to climate change also increases the vulnerability of forests and biodiversit. Sea-level rise driven by climate change is set to pose a constant threat to coastal communities. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by sector and region. Regardless of the country or region, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


TAKE ACTION

Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI) per country

Mozambique’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right. 


Mozambique is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Under projected climate change, cereal yields for staple crops such as cassava, wheat and maize are forecasted to decline significantly. A rise in temperature due to climate change also increases the vulnerability of forests and biodiversit. Sea-level rise driven by climate change is set to pose a constant threat to coastal communities. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by sector and region. Regardless of the country or region, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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MOZAMBIQUE | ALL PROJECTS

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