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Paraguay

Paraguay is a South American landlocked country located at the centre of the continent. It shares borders with Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia. It is about the size of the UK. 


Paraguay takes its name from the river that crosses it from north to south. Asunciòn - the capital and home of a third of the population - sits on the banks of the river. It was once an important governing centre for the Spanish colonial rule until it declared independence is 1811, earlier than most countries in the region. 


A large part of the Paraguayan identity comes from its indigenous roots. Guarani and Mestizos represent 80% of the population. 


In 1860, the most bloody conflict on the continent opposed the young Paraguayan state to a triple alliance between Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, who agreed to fight back the state’s incursions in its territories and carve a part of the country for themselves. Defended by a mythical stronghold called the Fortress of Humaita on the river, it resisted for many months before giving in to the larger capacities of its enemies. 


The Paraguayan economy is comparatively small next to Brazil and Argentina. It has however developed mining of ore and other precious minerals. It is also the second largest stevia producer and the sixth largest exporter of soybean, and actually exports more clean energy than any other country in the world. This power excess is produced by two major hydroelectric plants and is supplied to Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil.


TOTAL POPULATION

6.5 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

5,700 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

1,912,500 kt Latin America and Caribbean, YEAR 2014

“An unconditional 10% emissions cut by 2030, compared to business as usual projections.”


PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

PARAGUAY | ALL PROJECTS

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john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Emma Burnett donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Boyan Mihaylov donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. François Leclerc donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Clara Hermansson donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Peter Thompson donated € 10 to Environmental Protection through Greenery and Awareness Interventions in Kabul and Wardak. Vihra Dincheva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Kris Bertens donated € 50 to Educating Montenegro's New Generation to Break Free from Litter and Plastic. Anna Lupanova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Simona Dakova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Neicho Rahnev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Pavel Boev donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Francesco Zanetto donated € 60 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Hind Alsalloom donated € 50 to Iraqi Youth Climate Change Movement. Francesca Cardani donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Michele Frison donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Fabio Sai donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Paola Tresca donated € 27 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Andrea Mongiello donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Matteo Masi donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Massimo Sacco donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ananda Nidhi donated € 20 to Toranam: Strengthening Agroforestry in Andhra Pradesh. andrea borsetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. ALESSIO GIANNONI donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Laura Zorzetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Rossana Mattachini donated € 20 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Elsa De Grandi donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. 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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

The country is hugely diverse, with about 50% of covered in trees. More than 1,000 species of birds are found perched in the canopy. Capybaras, a house favourite, are also present all over the country. Jaguars roam in the Pantanal swamp and more than 7,000 plant species cover the ground of Paraguay.

Paraguay has lost more than 15% of its tree cover in the last 15 years and more than 80% since pre-industrial times. The powerful cattle industry is the single largest land user in the country and a leading cause of deforestation. Soybean, another of the root causes of deforestation in the world today is also growing and gnawing at the precious ecosystems in the woods.

The country has implemented a zero-deforestation policy, which led to some successes, but that target has not been reached. The country is still struggling with large-scale clearing in the Atlantic forest and the Chaco.

Rio Paraguay is the second largest river in South America. The river divides the country into two distinct regions. The West, or the Chaco, is the driest region and encompasses around 60% of the country. The East, known locally as the Alto Paranà is rainier, containing marshy and forested hills.

The Iguaçu falls - actually 275 individual falls - create the single largest waterfall in the world. It’s one of the seven natural wonders of the world. With the rivers Paraguay and Paranà, the country has tapped its large hydropower potential.

Dams provides virtually 100% of the country’s electricity output. Paraguay also exports large amounts of energy to his neighbours. It shares with Brazil the Itaipù dam, one of the largest dams and binational structures in the world. 


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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Paraguay is an upper middle-income country. To understand Paraguay’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Paraguay’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Paraguay Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Paraguay’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the solid line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Paraguay’s emissions dropped by 38%, yet its emissions increased between 2000 and 2008 due to strong emissions growth in the agriculture sector. After the country saw its emissions drop (2008-2009), Paraguay’s emissions rate slowed down from 2010 to 2012. Overall, Paraguay’s GHG emissions decreased by 20% between 1990 and 2012. 


In Paraguay, land-use change and forestry (LUCF) are responsible for the largest share (78%), followed by the agriculture sector (15%). LUCF emissions are mainly due to the transformation of forest lands into logging grounds and the expansion of agricultural activities. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


In 2012, Paraguay made a small contribution to 2012 GHG emissions in Latin America. However, there is still room for improvement. To reduce the country’s emissions, Paraguay requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and developing sustainable agriculture systems. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Paraguay Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Paraguay’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the solid line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Paraguay’s emissions dropped by 38%, yet its emissions increased between 2000 and 2008 due to strong emissions growth in the agriculture sector. After the country saw its emissions drop (2008-2009), Paraguay’s emissions rate slowed down from 2010 to 2012. Overall, Paraguay’s GHG emissions decreased by 20% between 1990 and 2012. 


In Paraguay, land-use change and forestry (LUCF) are responsible for the largest share (78%), followed by the agriculture sector (15%). LUCF emissions are mainly due to the transformation of forest lands into logging grounds and the expansion of agricultural activities. Within the agriculture sector, the majority of emissions come from methane produced by livestock digestion and manure left on pasture. 


In 2012, Paraguay made a small contribution to 2012 GHG emissions in Latin America. However, there is still room for improvement. To reduce the country’s emissions, Paraguay requires further efforts such as regulating the unsustainable land use and developing sustainable agriculture systems. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Paraguay Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Paraguay’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Relative to the other countries, Paraguay is categorized as a country with manageable vulnerability, yet, lack of preparedness which makes it less adaptable to unavoidable climate change consequences. The agricultural capacity of the country is weakening and dependency on food imports is increasing. Medical staff capacity is poor which impacts the quality of health-related services. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


TAKE ACTION

Paraguay Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Paraguay’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Relative to the other countries, Paraguay is categorized as a country with manageable vulnerability, yet, lack of preparedness which makes it less adaptable to unavoidable climate change consequences. The agricultural capacity of the country is weakening and dependency on food imports is increasing. Medical staff capacity is poor which impacts the quality of health-related services. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys. 


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