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Albania

TOTAL POPULATION

2.9 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

5,700 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

6,245,900 kt Europe and Central Asia, YEAR 2014

“To reduce CO2 emissions compared to the baseline scenario in the period of 2016 and 2030 by 11.5 %”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

ALBANIA | ALL PROJECTS

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Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . marta tosi donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to K'uxiub'al: Sustainable Energy for Healthy Families in San Andrés Itzapa . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 70 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Robert Eckstein donated € 5 to Green Summit: Supporting Young People in Smaller Communities . Mariya Markova donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Francesca Devoto donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Albania’s nature is, for now, remarkably pristine. On the densest and most urban of continents, it has become harder and harder to find unspoiled rivers, unexplored peaks and deserted beaches. Albania has all three. The country is host to 30% of the flora and 42% of fauna species of Europe. There are 799 protected areas, with national parks covering nearly 14% of the nation’s total area. 

However, protected area status means nothing to a changing climate. Similarly to southern Europe, the most likely models predict a drop in rainfall of about 20% by 2050, leading to more frequent droughts in the country - impacting agriculture and hydroelectricity. The drought in 2007 caused a national energy shortage after partially shutting down the second largest hydropower plant. In relative terms, it was not objectively a bad drought, but the impacts were widespread and it is not a welcome sign of things to come. 

Meanwhile, Albanian rivers are under attack. Plans to build as many as 1,000 dams across the region put in immediate danger the fish stock, harm the balance of the ecosystems, and reduce the already limited flow of rivers. The rivers are also under threat from reducing precipitation and rising temperatures (which also, incidentally, impacts the effectiveness of the dams). 

The effects of deforestation and sea level increase at the Adriatic coastline are visible. In some places, the sea has progressed 50m further onto the land and the resulting increased salinity is killing off the remaining flora. The degradation of forests is still ongoing and is terrible for two reasons. First, this increases the risk of natural disasters, such as droughts, floods and landslides. Second, it means biodoversity is under increased threat from habitat loss and disruption.

Albania is not a member of the EU and therefore cannot rely as much on continental solidarity and protective legislation. It is working with the World Bank to find and implement climate change adaptation measures to protect its energy and agriculture sectors. Hopefully its beautiful nature and range of species will be considered as the country moves forward.


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DATA INSIGHTS

Albania is classified as an upper middle-income country by the World Bank. Albania's position in the fight against climate change is better understood by observing its historical of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Albania’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s climate action and sustainability performance.

Albania Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Albania’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Albania saw its emissions fall by 25%, driven by a significant decline in the share of coal used for energy. However, after moderate reductions in its emissions Albania’s emissions started rising between 2009 and 2012, though still representing a 20% decrease from its 1990 level. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (55%) of Albania’s emissions, and transportation is the leading source of energy-related emissions.


In 2012, Albania emitted nearly 9 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions, which is ten times less than neighbouring Greece. Albania highly relies on hydropower for almost 95% of its electricity generation, but climate change events (such as droughts and heat waves) will impact its hydropower production. As such, Albania requires further efforts to promote alternative renewable energy sources. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Albania Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Albania’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2000, Albania saw its emissions fall by 25%, driven by a significant decline in the share of coal used for energy. However, after moderate reductions in its emissions Albania’s emissions started rising between 2009 and 2012, though still representing a 20% decrease from its 1990 level. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (55%) of Albania’s emissions, and transportation is the leading source of energy-related emissions.


In 2012, Albania emitted nearly 9 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions, which is ten times less than neighbouring Greece. Albania highly relies on hydropower for almost 95% of its electricity generation, but climate change events (such as droughts and heat waves) will impact its hydropower production. As such, Albania requires further efforts to promote alternative renewable energy sources. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Albania Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

Albania’s performance on sustainable development

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals. 


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index as the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


Albania’s SDG performance is below the average of Southern European countries, and there are many key issues to be addressed in Albania; for example, enhancing resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and improving marine conservation and fisheries. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


Albania’s score of 69 is below the average of Southern European countries, and Albania is among the few European countries to receive an SDGI score below 70. Albania performs well in the area of renewable and affordable energy as a result of a high use of hydropower for electricity generation. However, the country still falls short of addressing many aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because Albania performs poorly on measures like safeguarding fish populations and the marine environment and increasing research and development investment for further economic growth. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.



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Albania Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

Albania’s performance on sustainable development

graph

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals. 


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index as the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


Albania’s SDG performance is below the average of Southern European countries, and there are many key issues to be addressed in Albania; for example, enhancing resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and improving marine conservation and fisheries. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


Albania’s score of 69 is below the average of Southern European countries, and Albania is among the few European countries to receive an SDGI score below 70. Albania performs well in the area of renewable and affordable energy as a result of a high use of hydropower for electricity generation. However, the country still falls short of addressing many aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because Albania performs poorly on measures like safeguarding fish populations and the marine environment and increasing research and development investment for further economic growth. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.



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