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Bulgaria

TOTAL POPULATION

7.2 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

42,400 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

3,241,800 kt European Union, YEAR 2014

“a 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030 compared to 1990 levels”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

BULGARIA | ALL PROJECTS

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Konstantinos Dimitriadis donated € 5 to Help Build Eco-Friendly Homes for Rural Communities in India . Manon Steiner donated € 15 to Help Rwandan Cities Control Waste and Stay Clean . Bart van den Heuvel donated € 25 to Recycled Electronics for German School Children . Prateek Gogineni donated € 30 to Promote Clean Agroforestry in Rural India . Lluis Mateu donated € 50 to Bringing Back Forests In Kenya . Renato Anselmi Ricci donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,300 to E-waste Race Germany . Kiki Beck donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,500 to E-waste Race Germany . Farah Piryeva donated € 200 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ruggero Lambertini donated € 75 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Iren Dikova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Luke Farrelly donated € 120 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Bulgaria is not a big country, but it has a very varied and complex climate due to its mountainous relief, connection to various climatic zones, and diverse geology and hydrology. These conditions also mean it has some of the highest biological diversity in Europe. The mountains, grasslands and forests are home to over 100 different mammal species, including the stunning Eurasian lynx, brown bears and wolves. Bulgaria has 426 bird species and can show off the mighty eastern imperial eagle and imposing cinereous vulture (both of which are threatened species). 

Bulgaria still bears marks from its lightning-fast industrialisation and position as one of the communist block’s most intensive powerhouses. Air pollution is the highest in the EU, and industrial development has led to problems such as pollution from chemicals and heavy metals, deforestation, and sewage in waterways.

More than 35% of the land area is covered by forests. Bulgarian wilderness struck a massive victory when a project to infringe on the Pirin mountain protected site for a ski resort development project was cancelled following public pressure. 

It was an environmental protest in October of 1989 that sparked the transition to democracy. In 2013 again, protests that started in defence of the environment spiralled into much larger political protest and changed again the political system in place. The attachment of Bulgarians to their beautiful countryside is neither faint nor fake. The civil society is pushing for change! 


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DATA INSIGHTS

Bulgaria is an upper-middle-income country according to the World Bank classification. The history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk provides useful insights into Bulgaria's position in the fight against climate change.  The following plots provide an overview of Bulgaria’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s climate action and sustainability performance.

Bulgaria Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Bulgaria’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2000, Bulgaria witnessed its emissions fall by 39%, driven by its economic transition (from a centrally planned economy to a market economy), which led to a decline in power production as well as an increase in the share of renewable energy. After fluctuations, Bulgaria’s emissions reduced by 37% below its 1990 level in 2012. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (91%) of Bulgaria’s emissions. This is primarily due to a high dependence on fossil fuel energy generation (accounting for 71% of Bulgaria’s energy supply). Yet, with the recent shift to hydropower and nuclear power (providing 20% of total electricity), Bulgaria greatly reduced its emissions. 


In 2012, Bulgaria emitted 68 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions, which is 1.5 times less than neighbouring Greece and Romania. Although Bulgaria is well on track to cut its emissions, there is room for improvement, such as reducing emissions from the transport sector and increasing the share of renewable energy. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Bulgaria Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Bulgaria’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

Bulgaria Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 1990 to 2000, Bulgaria witnessed its emissions fall by 39%, driven by its economic transition (from a centrally planned economy to a market economy), which led to a decline in power production as well as an increase in the share of renewable energy. After fluctuations, Bulgaria’s emissions reduced by 37% below its 1990 level in 2012. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (91%) of Bulgaria’s emissions. This is primarily due to a high dependence on fossil fuel energy generation (accounting for 71% of Bulgaria’s energy supply). Yet, with the recent shift to hydropower and nuclear power (providing 20% of total electricity), Bulgaria greatly reduced its emissions. 


In 2012, Bulgaria emitted 68 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions, which is 1.5 times less than neighbouring Greece and Romania. Although Bulgaria is well on track to cut its emissions, there is room for improvement, such as reducing emissions from the transport sector and increasing the share of renewable energy. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Bulgaria Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

Bulgaria's performance on sustainable development

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index than the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


Bulgaria’s score 73 is slightly below the average of Eastern European countries. Although Bulgaria still lags behind Northern and Western European countries, the country’s overall SDG performance shows an upward trend. Bulgaria performs well in the domain of the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the country still falls short of addressing some aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because Bulgaria performs poorly on measures like reducing energy-related CO2 emissions and production-based SO2 emissions and increasing R&D investment for further economic growth. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


TAKE ACTION

Bulgaria Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

Bulgaria's performance on sustainable development

Bulgaria Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index than the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


Bulgaria’s score 73 is slightly below the average of Eastern European countries. Although Bulgaria still lags behind Northern and Western European countries, the country’s overall SDG performance shows an upward trend. Bulgaria performs well in the domain of the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems. However, the country still falls short of addressing some aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because Bulgaria performs poorly on measures like reducing energy-related CO2 emissions and production-based SO2 emissions and increasing R&D investment for further economic growth. (Source: SDGI, 2018) 


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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