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Burundi

TOTAL POPULATION

9.9 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

440 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Africa, YEAR 2014

“Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, beginning in 2016, compared to the business-as-usual scenario for 2030.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

BURUNDI | ALL PROJECTS

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Konstantinos Dimitriadis donated € 5 to Help Build Eco-Friendly Homes for Rural Communities in India . Manon Steiner donated € 15 to Help Rwandan Cities Control Waste and Stay Clean . Bart van den Heuvel donated € 25 to Recycled Electronics for German School Children . Prateek Gogineni donated € 30 to Promote Clean Agroforestry in Rural India . Lluis Mateu donated € 50 to Bringing Back Forests In Kenya . Renato Anselmi Ricci donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,300 to E-waste Race Germany . Kiki Beck donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,500 to E-waste Race Germany . Farah Piryeva donated € 200 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ruggero Lambertini donated € 75 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Iren Dikova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Luke Farrelly donated € 120 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

There are two national parks in Burundi: Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations.

Lake Tanganyika lies at the Western border of Burundi. It is the second oldest, second largest and second deepest freshwater lake in the world. 

Due to its dense population (second densest Sub-saharan Africa), the country is almost entirely deforested and woodlands are dwindling at an alarming rate of 9% per year. The main reasons for deforestation and soil erosion are predominantly farming and overgrazing. Cattle ranching plays a key role in the Burundi culture. A traditional Kirundi greeting is “Amashyo,” which means “May you have herds of cattle.” Cattle are a symbol of health, happiness, and prosperity.

Burundi’s objectives are clear: it needs to ensure food security and get ready for prolonged and more extreme floods and droughts. Water availability for agricultural activities will be influenced by the decrease of Lake Tanganyika’s water level, which is already resulting in desertification of the area and salinization problems. Extreme floods and droughts are predicted to cause a yield decline of 5-25% in coming decades.

The country’s motto is “Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere” which means “Unity, Work, Progress”. For Burundi to address the environmental, economic and societal issues it faces, the country must take this to heart.

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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Burundi is a low-income country. To  get a sense of Burundi’s position in the fight against climate change, it is helpful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots give an overview of Burundi’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 2000 to 2008, Burundi’s emissions dramatically increased by more than 80%, driven largely by methane emissions from agriculture. Overall, Burundi’s GHG emissions increased by 123% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector (involving forest clearing, burning of biomass, slash and burn agriculture) is responsible for the largest share (41%) of Burundi’s emissions, followed closely by the agriculture sector 40%. Methane (the principal greenhouse gas alongside CO2) from livestock digestion and manure is the major contributor to Burundi’s emissions.


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Burundi made only a small contribution (less than 0.1%) to 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is still room for improvement. As deforestation and cattle ranching account for the majority of Burundi’s emissions, these should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 2000 to 2008, Burundi’s emissions dramatically increased by more than 80%, driven largely by methane emissions from agriculture. Overall, Burundi’s GHG emissions increased by 123% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector (involving forest clearing, burning of biomass, slash and burn agriculture) is responsible for the largest share (41%) of Burundi’s emissions, followed closely by the agriculture sector 40%. Methane (the principal greenhouse gas alongside CO2) from livestock digestion and manure is the major contributor to Burundi’s emissions.


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Burundi made only a small contribution (less than 0.1%) to 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is still room for improvement. As deforestation and cattle ranching account for the majority of Burundi’s emissions, these should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Burundi is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Burundi’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Agricultural output is at great risk, and this means Burundi may face increased food insecurity in the future. As one of the five poorest countries in the world, Burundi has an extremely low capacity to adapt to climate change. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.

TAKE ACTION

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Burundi is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Burundi’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Agricultural output is at great risk, and this means Burundi may face increased food insecurity in the future. As one of the five poorest countries in the world, Burundi has an extremely low capacity to adapt to climate change. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.

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