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Burundi

TOTAL POPULATION

9.9 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

440 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Africa, YEAR 2014

“Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, beginning in 2016, compared to the business-as-usual scenario for 2030.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

BURUNDI | ALL PROJECTS

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Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Giorgio Mussi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Oliver Schwab donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Friederike Gnädinger donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Konstantin Krahtov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Michele Dondi donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Trayan Angelov donated € 11 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Amy McPherson donated € 20 to Giving for Mitigating Climate Change . Andreyana Andreeva-Florian donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . joe hasell donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Milena Ivanova donated € 60 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Angel Georgiev donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Bozhana Zagorcheva donated € 5 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Leonardo Gaffuri donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Gianmarco Gallo donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . anna minerva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . marta tosi donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to K'uxiub'al: Sustainable Energy for Healthy Families in San Andrés Itzapa . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 70 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ildiko Milanovich donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Robert Eckstein donated € 5 to Green Summit: Supporting Young People in Smaller Communities . Mariya Markova donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Francesca Devoto donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah . Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK . Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

There are two national parks in Burundi: Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations.

Lake Tanganyika lies at the Western border of Burundi. It is the second oldest, second largest and second deepest freshwater lake in the world. 

Due to its dense population (second densest Sub-saharan Africa), the country is almost entirely deforested and woodlands are dwindling at an alarming rate of 9% per year. The main reasons for deforestation and soil erosion are predominantly farming and overgrazing. Cattle ranching plays a key role in the Burundi culture. A traditional Kirundi greeting is “Amashyo,” which means “May you have herds of cattle.” Cattle are a symbol of health, happiness, and prosperity.

Burundi’s objectives are clear: it needs to ensure food security and get ready for prolonged and more extreme floods and droughts. Water availability for agricultural activities will be influenced by the decrease of Lake Tanganyika’s water level, which is already resulting in desertification of the area and salinization problems. Extreme floods and droughts are predicted to cause a yield decline of 5-25% in coming decades.

The country’s motto is “Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere” which means “Unity, Work, Progress”. For Burundi to address the environmental, economic and societal issues it faces, the country must take this to heart.

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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Burundi is a low-income country. To  get a sense of Burundi’s position in the fight against climate change, it is helpful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots give an overview of Burundi’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 2000 to 2008, Burundi’s emissions dramatically increased by more than 80%, driven largely by methane emissions from agriculture. Overall, Burundi’s GHG emissions increased by 123% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector (involving forest clearing, burning of biomass, slash and burn agriculture) is responsible for the largest share (41%) of Burundi’s emissions, followed closely by the agriculture sector 40%. Methane (the principal greenhouse gas alongside CO2) from livestock digestion and manure is the major contributor to Burundi’s emissions.


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Burundi made only a small contribution (less than 0.1%) to 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is still room for improvement. As deforestation and cattle ranching account for the majority of Burundi’s emissions, these should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%. 


From 2000 to 2008, Burundi’s emissions dramatically increased by more than 80%, driven largely by methane emissions from agriculture. Overall, Burundi’s GHG emissions increased by 123% between 1990 and 2012. The land-use change and forestry (LUCF) sector (involving forest clearing, burning of biomass, slash and burn agriculture) is responsible for the largest share (41%) of Burundi’s emissions, followed closely by the agriculture sector 40%. Methane (the principal greenhouse gas alongside CO2) from livestock digestion and manure is the major contributor to Burundi’s emissions.


Despite having a strong growth in emissions, Burundi made only a small contribution (less than 0.1%) to 2012 GHG emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is still room for improvement. As deforestation and cattle ranching account for the majority of Burundi’s emissions, these should be key areas of focus to reduce the country’s emissions. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Burundi is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Burundi’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Agricultural output is at great risk, and this means Burundi may face increased food insecurity in the future. As one of the five poorest countries in the world, Burundi has an extremely low capacity to adapt to climate change. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.

TAKE ACTION

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

graph

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Burundi is categorised as a country with high vulnerability to climate change impacts and a low level of adaptation capacity. Burundi’s food and health sectors show the highest vulnerability to climate change. Agricultural output is at great risk, and this means Burundi may face increased food insecurity in the future. As one of the five poorest countries in the world, Burundi has an extremely low capacity to adapt to climate change. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.

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BURUNDI | ALL PROJECTS

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