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Burundi

TOTAL POPULATION

9.9 million YEAR 2014

CO₂ EMISSIONS

440 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

822,800 kt Africa, YEAR 2014

“Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, beginning in 2016, compared to the business-as-usual scenario for 2030.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011
PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

There are two national parks in Burundi: Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations.

Lake Tanganyika lies at the Western border of Burundi. It is the second oldest, second largest and second deepest freshwater lake in the world. 

Due to its dense population (second densest Sub-saharan Africa), the country is almost entirely deforested and woodlands are dwindling at an alarming rate of 9% per year. The main reasons for deforestation and soil erosion are predominantly farming and overgrazing. Cattle ranching plays a key role in the Burundi culture. A traditional Kirundi greeting is “Amashyo,” which means “May you have herds of cattle.” Cattle are a symbol of health, happiness, and prosperity.

Burundi’s objectives are clear: it needs to ensure food security and get ready for prolonged and more extreme floods and droughts. Water availability for agricultural activities will be influenced by the decrease of Lake Tanganyika’s water level, which is already resulting in desertification of the area and salinization problems. Extreme floods and droughts are predicted to cause a yield decline of 5-25% in coming decades.

The country’s motto is “Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere” which means “Unity, Work, Progress”. For Burundi to address the environmental, economic and societal issues it faces, the country must take this to heart.

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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Burundi is a low-income country. To  get a sense of Burundi’s position in the fight against climate change, it is helpful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots give an overview of Burundi’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Burundi Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Burundi’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Burundi Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)
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