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Bhutan

TOTAL POPULATION

0.78 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

1,000 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

2,516,400 kt South Asia, YEAR 2014

“To remain carbon neutral, so that emissions of greenhouse gases do not exceed carbon sequestration by forests.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

Konstantinos Dimitriadis donated € 5 to Help Build Eco-Friendly Homes for Rural Communities in India . Manon Steiner donated € 15 to Help Rwandan Cities Control Waste and Stay Clean . Bart van den Heuvel donated € 25 to Recycled Electronics for German School Children . Prateek Gogineni donated € 30 to Promote Clean Agroforestry in Rural India . Lluis Mateu donated € 50 to Bringing Back Forests In Kenya . Renato Anselmi Ricci donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,300 to E-waste Race Germany . Kiki Beck donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Donal O‘Byrne donated € 1,500 to E-waste Race Germany . Farah Piryeva donated € 200 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Ruggero Lambertini donated € 75 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Iren Dikova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Vladimir Topencharov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Luke Farrelly donated € 120 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Andrey Bankovski donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Kalina Zhechkova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Anton Batchvarov donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stivian Valchev donated € 35 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Tatyana Mitkova donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . NELIA VATEVA donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Kitov donated € 25 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Ivaylo Vasilev donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Alex Winkler donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Valeriia Muliukova donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Francesca bianchi donated € 100 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stephanie van groenendael donated € 40 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Judith de Warren donated € 50 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . nat Bonnisseau donated € 1 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Luke Davis donated € 10 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Stanislav Stoev donated € 30 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Nathan Bonnisseau donated € 18 to Recruiting 20,000 New Sagarmitra Student Volunteers . Sara Riva donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles . Luke Davis donated € 5 to E-waste Race Germany . Jürg Rohrer donated € 150 to Improved Firewood Stoves (IFS) for Indigenous Families in Guatemala . Errin Saunders donated € 10 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem . Elise van Groningen donated € 20 to E-waste Race Germany . Peter Popdonev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Svetlana Goranova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Saglara Inzhieva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Emiliyana Terziyska donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Daniel Mendez donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Rumyana Velcheva donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Martin Bakardzhiev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Sandeep Bajjuri donated € 25 to binee - Interactive E-Waste Collection System . cyrielle simeone donated € 50 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere . Milka Koldamova donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Steffen Albrecht donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Trayan Angelov donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas . Felizia Kuhlke donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas .

PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

The Eastern Himalayas have been identified as a global biodiversity hotspot, harbouring rare endemic species and providing refuge from human interactions for a particularly wide range of species. Due to its mountainous character, Bhutan remains a largely rural society based on agriculture and forestry, and the majority of its population gathers in the valleys. Its low population density also allows for rare and also more peaceful interaction between wildlife and humans. 

The Kingdom of Bhutan made the commitment to remain carbon neutral as it is already a net carbon sink for the planet. Almost all of its electricity comes from hydropower, a major source of international revenue thanks to the dense river system and potential of the region. Export of electricity from hydropower projects form a major source of revenue for this country which holds enormous amounts of water in the form of glaciers and ice caps. Bhutan, like the other Himalayan countries, has to tread carefully with its two giant neighbours China and India, with which it has peaceful, yet careful relationships. 

More than a quarter of Bhutan is protected as national parks, reserves and other regulated areas. The country’s policy to charge tourists a high fee for each visit (around €175/day) has ensured the social and environmental safety of local populations. 

Plans to identify a further 9% of land area as biodiversity corridors linking the protected areas should foster ecosystems and strengthen species who need more space and land to roam freely. Elephants, pangolins and tigers are among the staple species of this country, and they need safe corridors to stay away from livestock and villages. Forests currently cover 70.46% of the surface, making it the world’s only carbon-negative country in the world.

Bhutan has not waited for the Paris agreement to act on its own resilience. As it reaps the benefits of their country’s preparation works, no doubt that its approach will be emulated by other countries.

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DATA INSIGHTS

According to the World Bank classification, Bhutan is a lower-middle-income country. To understand Bhutan’s position in the fight against climate change, it is useful to observe its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Bhutan’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change.


Bhutan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Bhutan’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


Between 1990 and 2000, Bhutan witnessed its emissions increase by 80%. Despite some reductions in its emissions, Bhutan experienced further substantial emissions growth in two years’ time (from 2008 to 2010). Overall, Bhutan’s emissions increased by 158% between 1990 and 2012. It’s important to remind that Bhutan’s forests capture more carbon than the country actually releases.


Bhutan’s emissions are significantly low in comparison with regional emissions. In the year 2012, emissions from the agriculture sector are dominant followed by industrial processes and waste. Emissions from industrial processes have the highest increasing trend between 1990 and 2012 in comparison with other sectors. Overall, the agriculture and personal heating and cooking sectors in Bhutan need attention to ensure sustainability in the country. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Bhutan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Bhutan’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Bhutan Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the full line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the dotted line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


Between 1990 and 2000, Bhutan witnessed its emissions increase by 80%. Despite some reductions in its emissions, Bhutan experienced further substantial emissions growth in two years’ time (from 2008 to 2010). Overall, Bhutan’s emissions increased by 158% between 1990 and 2012. It’s important to remind that Bhutan’s forests capture more carbon than the country actually releases.


Bhutan’s emissions are significantly low in comparison with regional emissions. In the year 2012, emissions from the agriculture sector are dominant followed by industrial processes and waste. Emissions from industrial processes have the highest increasing trend between 1990 and 2012 in comparison with other sectors. Overall, the agriculture and personal heating and cooking sectors in Bhutan need attention to ensure sustainability in the country. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


Bhutan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Bhutan’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Bhutan is categorized as a country with high vulnerability and fairly effective responsiveness to climate change. However, there is a greater need to strengthen the adaptation capacity. For instance, agriculture capacity such as organic fertilizer usage needs to be improved. Medical staff capacity, health-related services needs to be strengthened to effectively adapt to climate-induced diseases. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


Bhutan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Bhutan’s vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Bhutan Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

This graph ranks a country’s climate performance by measuring its readiness (x-axis) and its vulnerability (y-axis). Both are measured from 0 - 1 (1 being the most ready or most vulnerable). This index combines indicators of a country’s exposure to climate change and others that measure the country’s potential to withstand those shocks. 


Each dot in this plot represents a country. The countries in most urgent situations are on the top left of the graph whilst the most resilient ones stand at the bottom right.


Bhutan is categorized as a country with high vulnerability and fairly effective responsiveness to climate change. However, there is a greater need to strengthen the adaptation capacity. For instance, agriculture capacity such as organic fertilizer usage needs to be improved. Medical staff capacity, health-related services needs to be strengthened to effectively adapt to climate-induced diseases. (Source: ND-GAIN, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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