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France

France is a Western European country on the Atlantic façade of the continent. It shares borders with Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Italy and Spain. It is the largest country in Europe (excluding Russia) by size. 


The country of wine, European beavers, and nuclear reactors has long been a political unit fairly well delimitated by natural borders such as the Alps, the Pyrenees, the Rhine and the Atlantic ocean


France has produced great thinkers and writers. In 1789, the country put into practice the ideas developed by the thinkers of the siècle des lumières (century of lights) like Voltaire, Rousseau (actually Swiss) or De Tocqueville. The French Revolution initiated a large societal change from the old monarchic regime to the advent of representative democracy in Europe. 


The country became a colonial empire from the onset of the age of explorations. At its height, the colonial empire stretched over roughly half of Africa, the Indochinese peninsula, parts of North and South America and Pacific islands. This empire progressively dislocated during the decolonisation period, after the country had finished deadly and ruinous wars with its rival and neighbour Germany.


France’s economy is diversified and specialises in various activities from high-end luxury products to public work infrastructures and agricultural goods. It is Europe’s second largest economy, first grain producer, and also the most visited country in the world, with 83 million visitors per year - making tourism one of the great motors of its activity. 


The French people are extremely attached to the terroir (the countryside land and the products from where one comes from). With climate change, an entire part of the French identity is menaced, not least of which the wine. With such high stakes, we must do everything in our power to help.


TOTAL POPULATION

66.3 million YEAR 2014

CO2 EMISSIONS

303,300 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

3,241,800 kt European Union, YEAR 2014

“A 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.”

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011

FRANCE | ALL PROJECTS

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john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Emma Burnett donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Boyan Mihaylov donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. François Leclerc donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Clara Hermansson donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Peter Thompson donated € 10 to Environmental Protection through Greenery and Awareness Interventions in Kabul and Wardak. Vihra Dincheva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Kris Bertens donated € 50 to Educating Montenegro's New Generation to Break Free from Litter and Plastic. Anna Lupanova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Simona Dakova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Neicho Rahnev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Pavel Boev donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Francesco Zanetto donated € 60 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Hind Alsalloom donated € 50 to Iraqi Youth Climate Change Movement. Francesca Cardani donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Michele Frison donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Fabio Sai donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Paola Tresca donated € 27 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Andrea Mongiello donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Matteo Masi donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Massimo Sacco donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ananda Nidhi donated € 20 to Toranam: Strengthening Agroforestry in Andhra Pradesh. andrea borsetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. ALESSIO GIANNONI donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Laura Zorzetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Rossana Mattachini donated € 20 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Elsa De Grandi donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Agro Eco Village Project in Ri-Bhoi District. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Strengthening Malian Forest Management to Protect Biodiversity and Alleviate Poverty. Noah Silver donated € 30 to Toxic Chemicals and Waste Sensitization for Vulnerable Communities. Stefania Butera donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

France is feeling the heat, and its economic activities are too. In summer 2018, three nuclear reactors had to be stopped due to unprecedented heatwaves. In 2015, wine production fell by 20%. Needless to say, that created a reaction. 

France and its territories have numerous natural settings, including tropical ecosystems in its ultramarine regions in the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Caribbeans. French Guyana, located on mainland Latin America holds the record for the best tree cover at 98%. Reunion island, a small island off Madagascar, that is also part of France, has 70% of its land covered by a UNESCO natural world heritage site. 

A mix of regulations and local attachment have preserved the French natural and traditional rural settings. However, this appreciation has clashed with the industrial agricultural model supported by the government and implemented by large-scale agribusinesses. With a third of the EU’s cultivated territory, France is seeing a sharp increase in its land toxicity and signs of soil exhaustion. Initiatives like the ones we support on this platform are working to create a new model of agriculture. 

France has also made the choice to rely on nuclear power to ensure its energy independence. Nowadays, nuclear power represents 72% of the total electricity output of the country. Fossil fuels are down to 11% of the energy mix. Its government has announced plans to bring the part of nuclear power down to 50%, progressively growing its renewable sector.

As the host of the Paris Agreement in 2015, France has made its diplomatic stance clear. Can it transform its words into action and transition to a carbon-free economy? We bet it can, and it can help lead us all to a greener future. 

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DATA INSIGHTS

France is classified as a high-income country by the World Bank. France’s position in the fight against climate change is better understood by looking at its history of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of France’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s climate action and sustainability performance.

France Greenhouse Gas Emissions

France’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2012, France’s emissions decreased by 10%. Nuclear power and the decarbonisation of energy generation in France greatly contributed to the drop in emissions. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (68%) of France’s emissions. However, emissions from other sectors such as agriculture, energy and industrial processes reveal a decreasing trend. 


Despite a downward trend in emissions, France produced nearly 500 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions in 2012 (the third largest emitter in the European Union). This is equivalent to the amount of CO2 being absorbed annually by 2.3 million km² of forest (3.5 times the size of France). France is on the right track to reduce its emissions and become a carbon positive economy, but more work must be done to make further reductions to meet the stated targets - reducing emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


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France Greenhouse Gas Emissions

France’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change since 1990

graph

This plot combines 3 pieces of information measured from 1990 - 2012: The bar chart indicates the volume of the country’s GHG emissions, the dotted line shows the variation of this volume compared to the baseline 1990, and the full line presents the same variation, but globally.


Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and fluorocarbons are the main drivers of global warming. Between 1990 and 2012, the world’s emissions grew by 40%.


From 1990 to 2012, France’s emissions decreased by 10%. Nuclear power and the decarbonisation of energy generation in France greatly contributed to the drop in emissions. The energy sector is responsible for the largest share (68%) of France’s emissions. However, emissions from other sectors such as agriculture, energy and industrial processes reveal a decreasing trend. 


Despite a downward trend in emissions, France produced nearly 500 million tonnes of CO2 eq. GHG emissions in 2012 (the third largest emitter in the European Union). This is equivalent to the amount of CO2 being absorbed annually by 2.3 million km² of forest (3.5 times the size of France). France is on the right track to reduce its emissions and become a carbon positive economy, but more work must be done to make further reductions to meet the stated targets - reducing emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. (Source: WRI, 2018; World Bank, 2018)


France Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

France’s performance on sustainable development

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals. 


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index as the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


France’s score of 81 is above the average of Western European countries. France performs well in terms of water quality, health and well-being and the quality of education. Despite being the front-runners in adopting the SDGs, France still falls short of addressing some aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because France performs poorly on measures like reducing energy-related CO2 emissions and addressing electronic waste. (Source: SDGI, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


TAKE ACTION

France Sustainable Development Goals Index (SDGI)

France’s performance on sustainable development

graph

The SDG Index describes a country’s progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGI combines indicators of climate action with other socio-economic development measures that contextualise a country’s environmental performance with the rest of its challenges and reality. 


The global SDG Index score can be interpreted as the percentage of achievement of the goals. 


Each dot in the plot represents a country and its score (y-axis). Countries at the bottom score lower on the index as the countries at the top. Sweden currently scores the highest at 85 and the Central African Republic scores lowest at 38.


France’s score of 81 is above the average of Western European countries. France performs well in terms of water quality, health and well-being and the quality of education. Despite being the front-runners in adopting the SDGs, France still falls short of addressing some aspects of sustainable development. This is mainly because France performs poorly on measures like reducing energy-related CO2 emissions and addressing electronic waste. (Source: SDGI, 2018)


The impacts of climate change vary by country and region. But wherever you are, local-level adaptation projects are necessary. You have all the cards in hand, now go explore our live projects and be one of the good guys.


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