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Malaysia

TOTAL POPULATION

30.2 million YEAR 2014

CO₂ EMISSIONS

240,800 kt COUNTRY, YEAR 2014

14,272,100 kt East Asia and Pacific, YEAR 2014

"Reduce greenhouse gas emissions intensity of GDP by 45% by 2030, relative to 2005."

PARIS AGREEMENT TARGET

Created by potrace 1.10, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2011
PlanA Newsletter

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CLIMATE SIGNIFICANCE

Malaysia is located quite close to the equator, and so has a climate typically characterised by heat, rain and humidity. It is, however, a tropical pattern which means that rain falls in big dumps (usually in the afternoon) and in monsoons - so there is still plenty of sunshine to enjoy. The high temperatures are quite stable, typically varying from 25-33°C depending on the time of year. 

Malaysia is quite well protected from natural disaster. Its location means that in many places it is shielded by other land masses from tsunamis and is out of reach of most tropical cyclones. It is also seismically stable, minimising the risk of earthquakes and volcanic activity. The climate and heavy rainfall do, however, mean that flooding and landslides are a persistent problem. In 2006/7, flooding on Johor displaced 110,000 people and caused major economic damage. 

With extensive coastal regions and hundreds of islands, Malaysia is at real risk from sea level rise. The country does not yet have an accurate map of how sea level change will hit its coastal areas, but with many of them less than 0.5 m above sea level, the threat is real. A better understanding of the risks will help target preventative and adaptive measures. Reforestation and development of mangroves along coastlines will create effective natural defences. This is also the case inland: forest cover reduces soil erosion and flood risk - helping to minimise landslides. 

Looking forward with climate change in mind, the success of Malaysia in both human and environmental terms is at risk. In many ways, the human, animal and plant biodiversity are facing the same challenges - and will by conservation efforts. Less than half of the population associate these developing problems with climate change, but as time passes this will be hard to ignore. 

The good news is that, in late 2018, Malaysia announced its plans to draft a climate change act over the next 30 month. It will study scenarios based on a 2°C temperature rise, devising adaptation and prevention measures. With this new focus and international support, we can help Malaysia rise to the challenge of climate change, and find its place in the movement for a more sustainable future. 


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DATA INSIGHTS

The World Bank classifies Malaysia as an upper middle-income country. Malaysia's position in the fight against climate change is better understood by observing its historical of carbon emissions and exposure to climate risk. The following plots provide an overview of Malaysia’s historic greenhouse gas emissions in perspective with global emission levels, as well as the country’s relative vulnerability and preparedness to climate change. 

Malaysia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Malaysia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Malaysia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Malaysia’s timeline of total GHG emissions and the percentage change from 1990

Malaysia Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Malaysia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Malaysia's vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Malaysia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)

Malaysia's vulnerability and readiness to combat climate change

Malaysia Climate Vulnerability and Readiness (CVRI)
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