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Sustainable Energy

Sustainable energy is the facet of climate action that concerns itself with powering the world with renewable and non-destructive forms of energies, providing universal access to energy resource for all, and replacing obsolete technologies and practices - notably the ones concerned with fossil fuels. Human activities such as transportation, building or industrial production require large amounts of fuels and energy which can be met with carbon-free and nature-friendly sources.


What is energy? The “quantitative property” needed to transfer to an object to do any kind of action on it. What do humans need energy for? Everything. Life on Earth developed because something in the water evolved to harness the power of sunlight. The first plant was born, at the exact same time as renewable energy.


Humans learned to harness the power of nature to do the work for them. The simplest was rolling a stone down a hill, using the power of gravity. Further down the line, fire, wind and water became major sources of energy for humanity as these were readily available in nature. The industrial revolution marked the advent of fossil fuels as the main source of power for human activity, replacing fire, animal labour, wind and water power. Nuclear power, which releases toxic byproducts but incredible potential also became an option.

All this has led us to today. Our planet has limits, such as the amount of fossil fuels but also amazing capacities. Our planet’s natural cycles provide a lot of natural energy. Like the first flowers, humans are turning to renewable sources of energy. The stage is set for a sustainable energy transition. What is needed is the implementation and modernisation of fleets, machines, and means of production. You got the power. Fire at will.

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY | ALL PROJECTS

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john gaffey donated € 12 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Adi Lazos donated € 22 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Juliana Medaglia donated € 20 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. FREDERIC ACHARD donated € 50 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thalita Medaglia donated € 15 to Fighting the Silent Disappearance of the Great Brazilian Savannah. Katie Hereing donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Angelica Seminara donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Nevena Vlaykova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Melanie Bitto donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Cristiano Rocco Marra donated € 30 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ro Leaver donated € 30 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Phili Denning donated € 25 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Isabel gregory donated € 20 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Akshay Pai donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Emma Burnett donated € 50 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Boyan Mihaylov donated € 50 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. François Leclerc donated € 40 to Application of satellite telemetry data to better understand the breeding strategies of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Clara Hermansson donated € 40 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Peter Thompson donated € 10 to Environmental Protection through Greenery and Awareness Interventions in Kabul and Wardak. Vihra Dincheva donated € 30 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Kris Bertens donated € 50 to Educating Montenegro's New Generation to Break Free from Litter and Plastic. Anna Lupanova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Simona Dakova donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Neicho Rahnev donated € 10 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Pavel Boev donated € 20 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Francesco Zanetto donated € 60 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Hind Alsalloom donated € 50 to Iraqi Youth Climate Change Movement. Francesca Cardani donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Michele Frison donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Fabio Sai donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Paola Tresca donated € 27 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Andrea Mongiello donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Matteo Masi donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Massimo Sacco donated € 10 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Ananda Nidhi donated € 20 to Toranam: Strengthening Agroforestry in Andhra Pradesh. andrea borsetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. ALESSIO GIANNONI donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Yordan Yordanov donated € 25 to The Bedechka Case: Fighting the Neglect of Green Urban Areas. Laura Zorzetto donated € 15 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Rossana Mattachini donated € 20 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Elsa De Grandi donated € 5 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Empowering Mangrove Women for a Healthy & Resilient Ecosystem. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Expanding Sesi’s Bottle Refill Scheme to Make Zero Plastic Waste Shopping Mainstream in the UK. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Agro Eco Village Project in Ri-Bhoi District. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Building an Efficient Technology for Women's Economic Empowerment. Noah Silver donated € 15 to Strengthening Malian Forest Management to Protect Biodiversity and Alleviate Poverty. Noah Silver donated € 30 to Toxic Chemicals and Waste Sensitization for Vulnerable Communities. Stefania Butera donated € 25 to CROWDFOREST: Making Reforestation Faster and Free through Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

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PROBLEMS TO SOLVE

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DATA INSIGHTS

Percentage of renewable electricity output

PROPORTION OF A COUNTRY'S RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION

Renewable electricity output is an indicator to show the proportion of total electricity generated by using renewable energy sources (i.e. wind, solar, hydro and biomass-based technologies) in 2015.

It is worth noting that sub-Saharan African countries have a high share of renewables as in their total electricity generation due to the strong growth in the hydroelectric generation, which was increased by nearly 40% in the region from 2005 to 2015. (EIA, 2017). The Electricity grid network is still relatively undeveloped on this continent. In terms of the share of global renewable generation capacity, Africa’s share is still very low (2%), compared to Asia (41%) and Europe (24%). (IRENA, 2017) In addition, the percentage of the population with electricity access on the African continent, especially in rural areas is drastically low. This means that despite more electricity generation via renewable sources, there is significant demand to increase the generation capacity and high necessity of developing reliable grid networks. 

Although the share of renewable electricity generation is increasing in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, most countries still rely on fossil fuel based electricity generation (accounted for 57.8% of total OECD gross electricity production in 2016). (IEA, 2017) To achieve the SDGs, the worldwide transition from fossil fuels to renewable sources for energy generation is a key pathway.

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Percentage of renewable electricity output

PROPORTION OF A COUNTRY'S RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION

Graph
Renewable electricity output is an indicator to show the proportion of total electricity generated by using renewable energy sources (i.e. wind, solar, hydro and biomass-based technologies) in 2015.

It is worth noting that sub-Saharan African countries have a high share of renewables as in their total electricity generation due to the strong growth in the hydroelectric generation, which was increased by nearly 40% in the region from 2005 to 2015. (EIA, 2017). The Electricity grid network is still relatively undeveloped on this continent. In terms of the share of global renewable generation capacity, Africa’s share is still very low (2%), compared to Asia (41%) and Europe (24%). (IRENA, 2017) In addition, the percentage of the population with electricity access on the African continent, especially in rural areas is drastically low. This means that despite more electricity generation via renewable sources, there is significant demand to increase the generation capacity and high necessity of developing reliable grid networks. 

Although the share of renewable electricity generation is increasing in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, most countries still rely on fossil fuel based electricity generation (accounted for 57.8% of total OECD gross electricity production in 2016). (IEA, 2017) To achieve the SDGs, the worldwide transition from fossil fuels to renewable sources for energy generation is a key pathway.

CO2 emissions from Energy sector

CO2 EMISSIONS PRODUCED FROM ELECTRICITY AND HEAT GENERATION

Today, electricity and heat generation are responsible for most CO2 emissions within the energy sector. Based on global emissions from 2010, electricity and heat ts for 25% of global GHG emissions, of which 76% comes from CO2. (IPCC, 2010) Although the world is shifting towards renewable energy sources, the combustion of fossil fuels, the primary source of CO2 emissions, still dominates electricity and heat generation. 


According to the latest data from 2014, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have the highest proportion of CO2 emissions generated from the production of electricity and heat (55% and 52%, respectively). Countries from these regions primarily rely on fossil fuels. Central Europe and the Baltic region, both a cold climate areas, also have a large proportion of CO2 emissions (52%) mainly due to a large amount of heat generation. As North America and Europe are experiencing a strong growth in renewable energy, their CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production are relatively low (45% and 42%, respectively) compared to the rest of the world. In Europe, the residential sector is responsible for 45% of total thermal consumption in 2012, and space heating accounts for the largest share, (average 78%) of residential energy consumption. (European Commission, 2016; World Bank, 2018; IEA, 2017; IEA, 2014) 

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CO2 emissions from Energy sector

CO2 EMISSIONS PRODUCED FROM ELECTRICITY AND HEAT GENERATION

Graph

Today, electricity and heat generation are responsible for most CO2 emissions within the energy sector. Based on global emissions from 2010, electricity and heat ts for 25% of global GHG emissions, of which 76% comes from CO2. (IPCC, 2010) Although the world is shifting towards renewable energy sources, the combustion of fossil fuels, the primary source of CO2 emissions, still dominates electricity and heat generation. 


According to the latest data from 2014, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have the highest proportion of CO2 emissions generated from the production of electricity and heat (55% and 52%, respectively). Countries from these regions primarily rely on fossil fuels. Central Europe and the Baltic region, both a cold climate areas, also have a large proportion of CO2 emissions (52%) mainly due to a large amount of heat generation. As North America and Europe are experiencing a strong growth in renewable energy, their CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production are relatively low (45% and 42%, respectively) compared to the rest of the world. In Europe, the residential sector is responsible for 45% of total thermal consumption in 2012, and space heating accounts for the largest share, (average 78%) of residential energy consumption. (European Commission, 2016; World Bank, 2018; IEA, 2017; IEA, 2014) 

COUNTRY HOTSPOTS

These are the countries where this theme is particularly important and
need most pressing action. Discover the hotspots.

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SUSTAINABLE ENERGY | ALL PROJECTS

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