Policy Centre

Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR)

The SFDR is a European regulation standardising ESG disclosures in finance, aiming to increase transparency and prevent greenwashing. Implemented in 2021, it ensures consistent sustainability reporting, aiding informed investment decisions.
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The financial market has recently seen the emergence of a novel regulation that promises to change the way Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors are reported in Europe. This change is anticipated to usher in a new era of transparency and informed decision-making for investors.

So, what is this game-changer called? It's the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR). In this policy note, we'll delve deep into the SFDR, discussing its objectives, who it affects, what it requires, and more.

What is the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR)?

The Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, commonly known as the SFDR, is a pivotal regulation that mandates specific ESG disclosure requirements. Its main aim is to create a standard for reporting ESG factors across Europe. Here’s what it intends to accomplish:

1. Standardised reporting: With the introduction of the SFDR, financial market participants will have to disclose their approach to considering sustainability-related impacts in their investment decisions in a more consistent manner.
 
2. Promoting transparency: The SFDR aims to offer investors clearer insights into sustainability and environmental factors within financial markets, promoting better-informed decision-making.
 
3. Avoiding greenwashing: With the standard set by SFDR, attempts to present financial products as more environmentally friendly than they are, known as greenwashing, can be curtailed.

4. Effective implementation: The SFDR was officially implemented in March 2021, following the EU Action Plan on Sustainable Finance. Learn more about its origin and background here.

Who is subject to the SFDR?

Primarily, the SFDR has been designed for financial-market participants (FMPs) and financial advisers within the European Union. However, it's reach extends beyond these borders, also encompassing:

  • Investment managers/advisers from outside the EU if they offer products in the European Market or oversee EU assets and funds.
  • A variety of FMPs such as pension funds, insurance companies, banks, and more.
  • Larger FMPs (with over 500 employees) and those considering the Principal Adverse Impacts (PAIs) must publish PAI statements annually.
  • Smaller FMPs (with fewer than 500 employees) can either adhere to the 'Comply or Explain' principle or detail why they aren’t complying.

What does the SFDR require?

The SFDR mandates two levels of disclosure:

1. Organisation-level reporting: Here, institutions need to disclose:

  • The ESG risks associated with their investment processes.
  • The negative consequences, or PAIs, of their investment decisions on sustainability factors.
  • How they’ve integrated ESG factors into their remuneration policies.

2. Fund/product-level reporting: The SFDR categorises products into three distinct categories, each having its disclosure rules:

  • Article 6 products: refer to funds that do not integrate sustainability factors into their investment process. - These must 1) disclose how sustainability risks are integrated into product investment decisions, and 2) assess the likely impacts of sustainability risks on the returns of the financial products.
  • Article 8 products: refer to funds that promote and integrate ESG into their investment processes. - These must 1) disclose the ESG characteristics promoted by the fund and how these are met, and 2) the benchmark themselves against other products that promote similarly characteristics.
  • Article 9 products: refer to funds that have sustainable investment as their primary objective. - These must 1) disclose ESG fund objectives, 2) prove how the index is aligned with these objectives and the EU Taxonomy, and 3) explain how and why the designated index may differ from a broad market index.

Where and when should disclosures be made?

1. Entity-level disclosures: Institutions should present this information on their official websites, detailing their approach towards integrating sustainability risk and how ESG factors affect their decision-making processes.

2. Product-level disclosures: These can be either pre-contractual or presented in an annual report. They need to be accessible at all times on the company’s official website.

Reporting on Principal Adverse Impacts should be carried out annually by 30th June, referencing the preceding calendar year.

Are there any penalties?

As of August 2023, direct penalties for not complying with the SFDR haven't been defined. However, non-compliance could potentially damage a company's reputation.

Further readings

The introduction of the SFDR marks a significant stride towards transparency and accountability in the financial sector. By ensuring that institutions disclose their approaches to sustainability and the potential impacts of their investment decisions, the SFDR aims to provide investors with the tools they need to make informed choices.

Ensure you always stay updated with regulations like the SFDR to make the best investment decisions. The world of finance is ever-evolving, and staying informed is the key to success.

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